You’ll likely see sparks when connecting battery cables to the battery posts of a charged battery. When disconnecting the cables, you’d expect that there’d be no sparks, right?
Is it normal that there should be sparks? Even with the car ignition off?
Could it be that the cables are being disconnected the wrong way?
In this post, I shed more light on why you may see sparks when disconnecting battery cables, share steps on how to connect and disconnect jumper cables safely, and also provide tips to minimize sparks when disconnecting cables.
Should a Battery Spark when Disconnecting?
Yes, it is normal for the battery to spark when disconnecting of connecting battery cables. This is because during the process of disconnecting, usually, the disconnection is not one clean movement, instead, as you wiggle the terminal of the post, they’ll like be a series of connections and disconnections hence the sparks.
There’ll usually be a spark or series of sparks at the point of completing the last battery cable connection to the battery post signaling the start of the flow of current. These sparks die down when the connection is firmly secured.
The intensity of the sparks will depend on the current flowing (power consumption of switched on appliances – the higher the current drawn by the appliances, the larger the sparks will be.
How to Properly Connect and Disconnect the Car Battery?
They’ll be a short circuit, and arcing if there one of the battery terminals touches the ground or car chassis with the battery negative still connected to the ground.
To minimize the likelihood of shorts, sparks, and arcing, follow the steps when disconnecting and reconnecting the battery cables.
To Disconnect the Battery cables
- First, disconnect the black terminal from the negative post (marked – sign) of the battery.
- Next, disconnect the red (positive) clamp of the battery cable from the positive battery terminal (marked with a + sign) of the battery.
Order of Connecting Battery cables
- First, connect the red (positive) terminal of the battery cable to the positive battery terminal (marked with a + sign).
- Next, connect the black terminal to the negative post (marked – sign) of the battery.
Why your Car Battery may Still Spark?
Even when you don’t accidentally short-circuit the battery, there’ll likely have a few sparks when disconnecting and connecting battery cables. Here is why:
Car electronic systems continue drawing power even where the ignition is in the “OFF” position.
The current draw may be from the car computer, sound system, car alarm, and others depending on what is installed in the car on the circuit that is always ON.
Should there be no sparks at all?
If the battery is charged expect to see some small sparks as the current starts flowing from the battery to these accessories even if the ignition is off.
They’ll not be large sparks though.
How to Avoid Sparks when Disconnecting the Car Battery?
#1. Make sure the ignition if OFF
Make sure the car’s ignition is switched off and other electronic accessories too.
This minimizes the current flow after you complete the battery connections and results in a smaller spark!
#2. Hold the battery and ground cables firmly in one position as you tighten them
You can also minimize the amount of sparking when connecting or disconnecting battery cables by holding the cable firmly as you secure it to the battery post.
Sparking is caused each time the battery cable terminal makes a connection to the battery post if not firmly secured.
#3. Check for Damaged or Loose Sections of the Battery and Ground Cables
Inspect the positive, negative, and ground battery cables along their length while checking for loose connections, and frayed wires that may make occasional connections as either battery cable moves.
Also, confirm that there are no loose connections at the points where the battery or ground connections are crimped to the terminals.
It is possible to have an internal break under the insulation that makes an intermittent connection hence the sparking.
You may also be interested in this post: Can you touch jumper cables together? Tips to prevent it
Can You Get Electrocuted when Disconnecting the Battery?
You’ll not get an electric shock because you are dealing with a very small current flow under 1mA when you touch a battery at a voltage of only 12V.
To get an electric shock, you need to be subjected to current flows of about 5 mA or higher through your body.
There is a likelihood of injury though from burns and a possibility of a fire should there be a short-circuit when disconnecting or connecting the battery cables.
Follow the order of disconnecting and connecting battery cables to minimize the likelihood of short-circuits.
It is normal to see some sparks when disconnecting battery cables.
Always disconnect the negative terminal first to minimize the likelihood of a short-circuit.
Additionally, make sure the ignition is switched off. Replace any damaged battery cables.
When disconnecting or reconnecting battery terminals, hold the cable firmly to minimize sparking.